SES-508 SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION
Objective and Learning Outcome
In this course, students will learn various ways and means of soil and water losses and how these losses can be decreased with various strategies of their conservation.
1. Soil erosion: description, types and impact on environment
2. Water and wind erosion: forms, causes and damages
3. Gravity erosion and landslides
4. Erosion prediction: modified Universal Soil Loss Equation; wind erosion equations
5. Erosion control and management: agronomic, engineering and bioengineering practices
6. Hydrological cycle and its components
7. Water conservation and management practices, and water harvesting techniques
8. Strategies for soil, water and environment conservation
9. Socio-economic issues of soil and water conservation
1. Measurement of slope gradient and discharge in water course
2. Calculation of runoff and soil losses
3. Visit to agro-meteorological / weather station
4. Visit of agronomical, engineering and bio-engineering practices used for soil and water conservation
1. Bhushan, L.S., I.P. Abrol, and M.S.R.M. Rao. 1998. Soil and Water Conservation: Challenges and Opportunities. Vol. 1 & 2 A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
2. Ehlers, W. and G. Michael. 2003. Water Dynamics in Plant Production. CAB Publishing, Cambridge, UK.
3. Fangmeier, D.D., W.J. Elliot and S.R. Workman. 2006. Soil and Water Conservation Engineering. 5th Ed. Thomson Delmar Learning, NY, USA.
4. Morgan, R.P.C. 2005. Soil Erosion and Conservation. 3rd Ed. Longman Group Ltd., Essex, UK.
5. Unger, P.W. 2006. Soil and Water Conservation Handbook: Policies, Practices, Conditions and Terms. Haworth Food and Agriculture Products Press, NY, USA.
- Teacher: Muhammad Qayyum