The course highlights the basic concepts, causes, resistance to social change and transformation. The Evolutionary, cyclic and conflict theoretical approaches and models of social change will be discussed. It also focuses on the relationship of change with respect to socio-economic and political aspects of development.


Course Outline


1.   Introduction

a.    Various dimensions of social change

b.    Magnitude, rate and direction of social change

c.     Identification of social change.

d.    Factors affecting social change


2.  Theories of social change.


3.  Analysis of social change

a.    Types of social change

b.    Dynamics of social change: dynamics of social change in Pakistan.


4.  Trends and prospects of social change in the Third World.


5.  Analysis of economic development in modern and modernizing countries.


6.  Sociology of economic development

a.    Development-nature and scope

b.    Sociological and economic concepts of development

c.     Development continuum-under-development


7.  Social and economic development

a.    Instruments

b.    Approaches to development

c.     Implications of development,

8.  Rural and urban sections of economic development

a.    Sustainable development

b.    Problems in development

c.     Availability of physical resources

d.    Non-availability of technical know-how

e.    Availability of appropriate human resources

f.      Socio-cultural constraints of development

g.    Social implications of development.


Recommended Books

Harper, C.L. & Leicht, K.T., Exploring social change: America and the World, 6th edition Supplementary readings will be provided on the course D2L si

1. Helen Frowe. 2016. The Ethics of War and Peace: An Introduction 1st Edition Routledge. ISBN-13: 978-0415492409

·        2. Garth M.  2011. Ways of Social Change: Making Sense of Modern Times Edition Unstated Edition. SAGE Publications, Inc; ISBN-13: 978-1412979870

3. JOHN POSTILL. 2018. The Rise of Nerd Politics. University of Chicago press.

4. ANDREA CORNWALL, JERKER EDSTRÖM, AND ALAN GREIG. 2011. Men and Development. University of Chicago press

5. LAURA J. MILLER. 2018. Building Nature’s Market. University of Chicago press


1.          Elzioni, A, and E. Elzioni, (eds), Social Change, New York: Basic Book Inc, 1964.

2.          Etzioni, Amitai and Etzioni Eva (1964 eds.). Social Change - Sources, Patterns and Consequences, New York: Basic Books, Inc.

3.          Ghimire, K.B. and Pimbert, M.P, (1997), Social Change and Conservation, London, Earthscan.

4.          Gouldner, Alvin W and Miller S.M. (1965 eds.). Applied Sociology; Opportunities and Problems, New York: Free Press.

5.          Halperin, Sandra. 2004. War and Social Change in Modern Europe: The Great Transformation Revisisted

6.          Hunter, G. (1969). Modernizing Peasant Societies, London: Oxford University Press.

7.          Khan, S. R., Ed. (2000). 50 years of Pakistan's Economy. Karachi: Oxford University Press.

8.          Kingston, Jeff. 2004. Japan's Quiet Transformation: Social Change and Civil Society in the Twenty

9.          Lapiere, R.T. Social Change, New York: McGraw Hill Book Co., 1965.

10.      Moore, W.E, Social Change, Englawood Cliffs, N.J. Prentice Hall Inc, 1974.

11.      Organisational Transformation and Social Change by EBSCO Publishing (Firm) - 2004

12.      Schelkle, Waltraud.2000. Paradigms of Social Change: Modernization, Development, Transformation

13.      Schuerkens, Ulrike. 2004. Global Forces and Local Life-worlds: Social Transformations

14.      Smith, A.D, The Concept of Social Change: A Critique of the Functionalist Theory of Social Change, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1973.

15.      Swansen, G.E. Social Change, Glenview, III, Scott, Foresman and Co. 1971.


 Course Objectives:

The course will provide familiarity about the basic concepts, theories and process of industrial sociology.

 Course Outline:

 1.  Introduction:

a.    Industry and Society

b.    Industry and Social Stratification

c.    Work, Occupation, Industry, Organization, Factory and Management

 2.  Industrialization:

a.    Social Theory of Productive System

b.    Antecedent of Industrialization in west

 3.  Theories of Industrialization

 4.  Formal Organization:

a.    Bureaucracy

b.    Organizational Charts (Structure)

c.    Trade Union, and theories of Unionism

 5.  Work ethics in Islam

a.    Division of Labor

b.    Work ethics

c.    Distribution of Wealth

 6.  Industrialization in Pakistan

a.    Historical view of Industrial Development

b.    Problems and Prospects of Industrialization in Sociological Perspective

c.    Industrial Relationship in Pakistan

 7.  Trade Unionism in Pakistan

a.    Labor Movement

b.    Trade Unionism

c.    Union Leadership and Collective Bargaining

 8.  Labour Policies in Pakistan

a.    Historical Perspective and social change

b.    Analysis of wages

 Field Visit:

The students will visit different industries to study human relations in industry. They will meet the employer and employees to discuss their problems and submit a comprehensive report.

 Suggested Readings:

1.    Hall, R.H., (1995) Organization: Structure, Process and Outcomes, prentice Hall, California.

2.    Health, Christian, luff Pual (2000) Technology in action Cambridge University Press.

3.    Theobland. (1994). Understanding Industrial Society: A Sociological Guide. St. Merton Press, New York.