Learning outcomes

Social Anthropology engages with contemporary social issues through empirically grounded studies of people’s lives. You learn how anthropologists have developed theoretical and methodological tools for conducting such studies. You also learn to apply these yourself through designing your own research project, carrying out ethnographic fieldwork and analysing qualitative research data.

By the time of completion of the course, anthropology students should be able to:

  • Describe the historical development of anthropology and be able to characterize how each sub-field contributes to the unified discipline;
  • Compare cultures (past and present), including ecological adaptations, social organization, and beliefs, using a holistic, cross-cultural, relativistic, and scientific approach;
  • Evaluate scientific debates and cultural controversies over genetic determinism, race, and evolution;
  • Describe the importance of symbolic communications in the human condition, including the sociocultural context of linguistic change;
  • Explain quantitative and qualitative methods in the analysis of anthropological data and critically evaluate the logic of anthropological research;
  • Identify ethical principles used in anthropological research;
  • Apply anthropological thinking to contemporary environmental, social, or health issues worldwide.
Our degree programs are designed to produce graduates who can engage the world thoughtfully, critically, and creatively. 

Our hope is that the coursework we require will not only provide a solid base of anthropological or sociological knowledge and a set of skills to collect and evaluate information, but also that our assignments, readings, and online discussions will foster a sense of engagement as citizens committed to making the world more humane and livable.



Course Objectives:

The course aims at providing knowledge of basic concepts of rural sociology to the students. Moreover an in-depth understanding of structure of rural society will be carried out. The course focuses on issues relating to the study of rural people and places, as well as rural related issues in both advanced and developing countries. This course is designed to explore the changing nature of rural development in the global economy.

 Course Outline:

 1.        Introduction to Rural Sociology

a.    Meaning and definition of Rural Sociology

b.    Rural Sociology as a Science

c.    Relationship of Rural Sociology with Other Social Sciences.

2.        Basic Concepts and Processes

a.    An understanding of the Rural Social System

b.    Caste and "baradari" structure

c.    Fractions, dispute and "We-groups".

3.        Problems of small and fragmented holding

a.    Landless tenants and agricultural labor.

4.   Social stratification and social differentiation

b.    Basic Concepts and action:

c.  Group, Role and Status, Norms and Values, Folkways and Mores

d.  Social Systems and Sub-systems

e.  Rural Culture, Social Processes in Rural Society,

5.  Rural Social Institutions, Technology and Rural Society.

 6.   Social Change and Rural Society

a.    Rural Settlement

b.    Small scale farming

c.    Feudalism, Capitalism, Family farming

d.    Agrarian politics and village development,

7.   Relationship between technological and socio economic aspect of rural society.

a.    Gender and Development

b.    Role and status of Rural Woman

c.    Pattern of Rural Settlement

8.   Rural Resources

a.    Land Tenure System, size of landholdings.

b.    Rural Social structure, provision of services in rural area; health, education and sanitation etc.

c.    Micro-financing in Rural Sector

 Recommended Books:

1.        Chitamber, J.B. "(2003)"Introductory Rural Sociology, 2nd Edition, New Age International (P) Limited Publisher, New Delhi.

2.        Chitamber, J.B. (1975), An Introduction to Rural Sociology, New Delhi Balley Eastern Ltd.

3.        Dalal, B. (2003). Rural Planning in Developing Countries, New Delhi, Earthscan.

4.        Doshi, Shambhu Lal, Prakash Chandra Jain. 1999 - Rural Sociology‎

5.        Khan Hameed A. (1985) Rural Development in Pakistan Lahore,

6.        Khan, Nowshad (2000) Rural Poverty Alleviation, National Book Foundation, Islamabad

7.        Kolb. John. H.L. (1989), A Study of Rural Sociology (4th Edition) Houghton Mifflin.

8.        Sahibzada, Mohibul Haq. 1997. Poverty Alleviation. Institute of Policy Studies. Islamabad.

9.        Setty, E.2002, New Approaches to Rural Development Amal Publications Pvt. Ltd.

10.     Social Policy and Development Centre. 2000. Social Development in Pakistan, New York, Oxford University Press.