Course objectives:

To improve the reasoning ability of the students.

To introduce to students application of logic in administrative sciences.

To develop decision making ability based on logic reasoning which is crucial pre-requisite for successful managers.

Course outlines:

Introduction to philosophy & logic

Historical introduction to logic

Aristotelian logic

Modern mathematical/Symbolic logical

Recent developments and logic

Model logic, Fuzzy logic, Free logic

Critical thinking

Critical thinking and validity of thought

Basic logic concepts

Proposition and sentence, Proposition and its analysis

What is an argument?

Argument forms

Argument and non-argument. Well Crafted argument

Premises, Deduction and validity, induction and probability

Validity, Truth, Soundness. Strength, cogency and reasoning.

Three basic functions of language

Form of discourse

Introduction to symbolic logic, translating statement and punctuation.

Negation, Conjunction and disjunctive, Conditional statement and implication

Material equivalence and logic equivalence

Argument form .some common valid argument forms.some common invalid argument forms.

Categorical proposition and classes, quality quantity and distribution, paradox, dilemma and fallacy.

General schema of standard form, categorical proposition .standard form categorical syllogisms major minor and middle terms

Mood figure method of deduction, formal proof of validity, proof of invalidity

Introduction to quantification theory, quantification

Traditional subject- predicate proposition

Nature of inductive argument

Science and induction, arguments and analogy, refutation by analogy








This course will introduce students to some of the major contemporary theoretical perspectives in sociology, including: functionalism, conflict theory, symbolic interactionism, identity theory, rational choice theory, and feminist theory. To explore these perspectives, contributions of various theorists will be examined. Capabilities to evaluate sociological theories critically will be developed. An attempt will be made to apply theories to understand current social problems and issues Pakistan and the world are facing.

Course Outline


1.    Neo-structural Functionalists

a.    Talcott Parsons

b.    Robert K. Merton.


2.    Critical Conflict Theory

a.    Thorstein Veblen

b.    Ralf  Dahrendorf

c.     C. Wright Mills


3.    Frankfurt School of Thought

a.    Jurgen Habbermas


4.    Social Behaviourism and Interactionism

a.    Phenomenology (Husserl, Alferd Schutz),

b.    Systematic Social Behaviouism (George Simmel)

c.     Symbolic Interaction ( C.H.Cooly, G.H Mead)


5.    Evolving Contemporary Feminist Theory

a.    Feminism

b.    Historical development

c.     Gender theories.


Recommended Books:

1. Peter mayer, clare bradley, dell steen, tahereh ziaian.  2011. Suicide and society in india:

2. Anthony Elliott . 2010 The Routledge Companion to Social Theory 1st Edition. Routledge. ISBN-13: 978-0415470162

3. Jonathan H. Turner.  2013. Contemporary Sociological Theory SAGE Publications, ISBN-13: 978-1452203447

4. Abrutyn, Seth.  2016. Handbook of Contemporary Sociological Theory. Springers. ISBN 978-3-319-32250-6

5.  Segre, Sandro. 2014. Contemporary Sociological Thinkers and Theories. ISBN: 9780754671817