The purpose of this course is to acquaint students with the nature and scope of Social Work. This course will familiarize the students with the basic knowledge of Social work.




1.    Definition of social work

2.    Philosophical base of social work

3.    Basic principles of social work

4.    Professional and voluntary social work

5.    Islamic concept of social work

6.    Modern concept of Social work

a.    Preventive

b.    Curative

c.     Rehabilitative

7.    Social Work methods 

a.    Primary

                                                                        i.     Social Case work;

                                                                      ii.     Social group work

                                                                    iii.     Community organization and development

b.     Secondary

                                                                        i.     Social Research

                                                                      ii.     Social welfare Management (Administration)

                                                                    iii.     Social Action 

8.    Important fields of social work practice 


Recommended Books:

1.          Frink ,Aurthur E., The Field of Social WorkNew York, 6th edition, Holt Rinohart, 1974.

2.          Bartlett, H.M., Analyzing Social Work Practice by Fields, New York, 1970.

3.         Pettesw, Dorthy E. , Supervision in Social Work, National Institute for Social Work Training Series. Ferguson, Elizabeth A., Social Work, An Introduction, New York: Lippince M. 1969.

4.         Stroup, Harbert H., Social Work- An Introduction to the Field, New -{ode Surcriean Book Company.

5.         Joff, T., Welfare and Youth Work Practice, London: Macmillan & Co., 1988.

6.         KathyFord and Alan Jones., Students Supervision, Macmillan Education Ltd, 1987.

7.         Kiani, A., Private Investment in Social Welfare, Karachi, 1970.

8.         Khalid, M., Welfare State: A Case Study of Pakistan, Karachi: Royal Book Company, 1967.


9.         Khalid, M., Sociological Theory: A Historical Perspective, Karachi: Kifayat Academy, 1990.

10.     Khalid M., Social Work Theory & Practice with Special Reference to Pakistan, Karachi: Kifayat Academy, 2008.

11.     Khalid, M., Introduction to Social Work Methods & FieldsKarachi: Kifayat Academy 2003.


The course will provide familiarity about history of social thought, stages of social development and change. The course will emphasize contributions of Western, Eastern and Muslim Thinkers towards social thought and social development.


Course Outline


1.    Introduction

a.    Historical Development of Social Philosophy

2.    Early Social Thought

a.    Folk Thinking

b.    Greek

c.     Egyptian

d.    Babylonian

e.    Chinese

f.      Indian Social Thought

3.    Contribution of Muslim Thinkers in Social thought

a.    Abuzar Ghafari

                                                    i.          Wealth Theory

b.    Imam Ghazali

                                                    i.                         Causes of group life

                                                  ii.                         Social justice

                                                iii.                         Educational reforms

c.     Ibn-E-Khuldun

                                                    i.                         Philosophy of history

                                                  ii.                         Science of culture

                                                iii.                         Ethnocentrism

                                                iv.                         Rise & fall of nations

                                                  v.                         Causes of social life


d.    Shah Waliullah

                                                    i.                         Evolution of society

                                                  ii.                         Causes of social life

                                                iii.                         Societal disease

                                                iv.                         Concept of perfect society

e.    Moulana Ubedullah Sindhi

                                                    i.                         Basic Human Ethics

f.      Allama Iqbal

                                                    i.                         Concept of self

                                                  ii.                         Theory of religion


Recommended Books

1.         Bogardus, Emory S. 1960. The Development of Social thought. 4th ed. New York: Longmans, Green & Co.

2.         Coser, Lewis A. 1971. Masters of Sociological Thought: Ideas in Historical and Social Context. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers

3.         Coser, Lowis A. 1977. Masters of Sociological Thought. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanarich Publisher

4.         Kinlock, Graham C. 1987. Sociological Theory:Its Development and Major Paradigms. New York: McGraw Hill Inc.

5.         Keat, Russel and John Urry. 1982. Social Theory as Science. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd.

6.         Ritzer, George. 2000. Sociological Theory. 5th ed. York: McGraw Hill Book Co.

7.         Turner J.H. 2003. The Structure of Sociological Theory. 7th ed. Australia: Thomson Wadsworth

8.         Zeitlin, Irving M. 1981. Ideology and the Development of Sociological Theory.  New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

9.         Turner, J H. 1987. The Structure of Sociological Theory Homewood Illinois: Dorsey Press.

10.     Ritzer, George. 1988. Sociological Theory. Singapore: McGraw Hill.

11.     Coser, L A. 1971. Master of Sociological Though: Ideas in Historical Social Context. New York, Harcourt Brace.

12.     Dubin Robert. 1978. Theory Building. New York: Maxwell, Macmillan.